It is the policy of
Shippensburg University to expect academic honesty. Students who commit
breaches of academic honesty will be subject to the various sanctions outlined
in this section. This policy applies to all students enrolled at Shippensburg
during and after their time of enrollment.
As used in this policy,
the term academic dishonesty means deceit or misrepresentation in attempting
(successfully or unsuccessfully) to influence the grading process or to obtain
academic credit by a means not authorized by the course instructor or
university policy. A breach of academic honesty is committed by students who
give, as well as receive, unauthorized assistance in course and laboratory work
and/or who purposefully evade, or assist other students in evading, the
university's policy against academic dishonesty.
includes but is not limited to:
- Bribing, or attempting to bribe, faculty or staff
personnel in order to attain an unfair academic advantage.
- Possessing course examination materials prior to
administration of the examination by the instructor without the
- Using unauthorized materials or devices such as crib
notes during an examination.
- Providing and/or receiving unauthorized assistance
during an examination.
- Using a substitute to take an examination or course.
- Misusing transcripts, records, or identification, such
as forgery or alteration of transcripts.
- Allowing others to conduct research for you or prepare
your work without advance authorization from the instructor, including,
but not limited to, the services of commercial term paper companies.
- Plagiarism, as the term is defined in the section Plagiarism.
- Intentionally and without authorization falsifying or
inventing any information or citation in an academic exercise, such as
making up data in an experiment or observation.
The preceding list is
only for purposes of illustration. Other forms of inappropriate conduct may
also be subject to charges of academic dishonesty.
Resolution of Charges
When an instance of
academic dishonesty is alleged, the issue should be resolved on an informal
basis between the student and faculty member. If an informal resolution cannot
be achieved, a formal process of deciding culpability and assessing sanctions
will be followed. If the student has committed a previous violation, the formal
process must be followed.
A faculty member who
obtains information that a student has been dishonest should act promptly to
resolve the issue. The faculty member should first contact the Dean of Students
to determine if this is the first violation for the student. If the suspected
incident is not the first, the offense must be handled through the formal
For a first violation,
the faculty member may attempt to resolve the issue informally with the maximum
penalty to be a grade of F in the course. If the faculty member feels the
offense warrants a more severe penalty, the matter must be resolved through the
For the matter to be
resolved informally, the faculty member must meet with the student and present
any evidence of a violation. The student will be given an opportunity to
provide an explanation after hearing the evidence. If the faculty member
determines a violation has occurred, he/she will complete the Settlement of a
Charge of Academic Dishonesty form. This form will include the penalty that the
faculty member will apply.
The form is then given
to the student, who has 72 hours to seek advice and decide whether to sign. If
the student agrees to accept the penalty, he/she must sign in the presence of
the faculty member. The faculty member will then implement the accepted penalty
and forward the settlement form to the Dean of Students. The form will be kept
on records for five years and may be used if the student is accused of another
academic dishonesty offense or any other violation of the Student Code of
Conduct. The information will only be used for internal purposes and will not
be disclosed outside the university.
If the student refuses
to sign, the faculty member may pursue the matter through the formal resolution
An allegation of
academic dishonesty must be resolved through a formal process if the student
disputes the charges or does not accept the penalty proposed by the faculty
member. The formal process must also be followed if the incident is not the
student's first violation.
In the formal process,
an allegation of academic dishonesty will be treated as a violation of the Student
Code of Conduct. The charges will be resolved through the Judicial Process
administered by the Dean of Students. The Dean of Students and an academic
administrator designated by the Provost will consult to determine if sufficient
information is present to warrant further action.
If there is sufficient
information to proceed with the complaint, the steps outlined in the
"Student Code of Conduct and Judicial Process" section of the student
handbook Swataney will be followed. Academic dishonesty cases must be
heard by the university judicial hearing board; the judicial officer option is
not available for these cases. Appeals of academic dishonesty decisions will be
handled by the Vice President for Student Affairs and the Provost.
The Student Code of
Conduct contains a list of sanctions, which may be imposed for violations. In
addition to those in the Code of Conduct, the following two sanctions may be
imposed against students found to have committed acts of academic dishonesty:
- Grade Reduction
The grade for a particular unit of work or for the entire course may be
- Imposition of a Failing (F) Grade.
The student may receive an F for the course.
These two penalties may
be imposed through the informal settlement process or the formal hearing
process. More severe penalties, including suspension or expulsion, may only be
imposed through the formal process. Additional stipulations may be attached to
Plagiarism is a form of
academic dishonesty. Shippensburg University will not tolerate plagiarism, and
the faculty will make all reasonable efforts to discourage it.
Plagiarism is your
unacknowledged use of another writer's words or specific facts or propositions
or materials in your own writing. When other writers' words or materials (even
short phrases or specific terminology) are used, you should put these words,
phrases or sentences inside quotation marks (or else indent and single-space
more extended quotations), and you should then cite the source of the quotation
either in the text of your writing or in footnotes. Failure to do so may be
considered plagiarism. When the propositions of another writer are restated in
your own words (paraphrased), you should also indicate the source of the
paraphrased material in your own text or in footnotes. Comparable citation
should be made for borrowings from media other than printed texts, such as
lectures, interviews, broadcast information, or computer programs.
The more flagrant form
of plagiarism is your submission of an entire paper or computer program or lab
report (or a substantial portion of a longer work) written by someone else and
presented as your own work. This can include material obtained from a friend,
from a fraternity or sorority file, from duplicated student writings used for
analysis in other writing courses, from commercial sources, or from published
materials. Another common form of plagiarism is the unacknowledged borrowing
from other sources (either words or propositions) and the integration of such
material in your own work.
Certain situations may
cause conscientious students to fear plagiarizing when they are not really
plagiarizing. These include:
Improper format for
is not plagiarism but a technical academic problem. Different professors,
different academic departments, and different academic disciplines have various
ways of documenting borrowed materials. Each professor should make clear to you
how he/she wants borrowed materials documented for given writing or programming
assignments. You should make every effort to understand precisely what your
professor expects regarding documentation. As long as you make a clear effort
to document all borrowed materials, you are not plagiarizing.
Use of supplemental
individualized instruction on an assignment
resources are available at the university, including a writing center and
assistance from faculty who assist students during the process of composing a
paper. When you seek these kinds of legitimate academic assistance, you are not
plagiarizing. In fact, you are making an extraordinary attempt to improve your
writing and academic performance. In such cases, you should inform your
instructor of the fact you have sought assistance from a given source on an
assignment. This acknowledgement should be stated on the cover sheet of your
paper or program. The prohibition against plagiarism should in no way inhibit
or discourage you from seeking legitimate supplemental instruction in
developing an assignment.
Use of a proofreader
If you are unsure of
your ability to produce finished drafts that are virtually error-free, you may
use such resources as hired typists, more editorially proficient friends,
tutors, or writing center personnel to insure your finished papers are relatively
error-free. You should indicate on the title page the fact your paper was typed
and/or proofread by someone else. The prohibition against plagiarism should in
no way inhibit or discourage you from using available reference and/or human
editorial resources in seeking to produce an error-free final copy of a paper.
In summary, plagiarism
is the unacknowledged borrowing of another writer's, speaker's or programmer's
words and/or propositions. To avoid plagiarism, you should acknowledge
assistance received in developing and/or proofreading a paper. If you need or
desire such assistance, you should not be discouraged from seeking it because
of the university policy on plagiarism.