What is GIS?

GIS means two things: Geographic Information Systems  &  Geographic Information Science. GIS Layers Image

Geographic Information Systems are computer-based tools for the entry, maintenance, analysis, and visualization of geospatial data. GIS are critical for managing any resource (e.g., natural resources, human population, money, global supply chains, national security, etc.) and necessary to support a vast range of business-, science-, and government-related activities. GIS jobs and internships are available in every sector. The market is growing 35 percent each year, with the commercial portion expanding at a rate of 100 percent each year (US Dept. Labor, 2008); it is growing so fast that many new jobs and career paths are left open due to a lack of people qualified to fill them. Open career paths mean good opportunities for motivated students.

Not convinced? Then know that the geospatial information is one of just three sectors identified by the President's High Growth Job Training Initiative as having the greatest potential for impacting the economy and adding substantial numbers of new jobs (US Dept. Labor, 2008). Also, check out these resources [ 2008, 2007, 2005, 2005, or 2003 ] about jobs and career paths that need people using geospatial technology.

Geographic Information Science is the study of issues that arise from the creation, storage, and use of geospatially-referenced information. This branch of science is focused on understanding and improving how individuals and society interact with computers and data, thinking critically about problems, and finding solutions.