Non-Discrimination and Sexual Harassment

Notice of Non-Discrimination and Sexual Harassment

It is the policy of Shippensburg University to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex in any of its educational programs or activities. This policy is in accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.

Prohibited sex discrimination covers sexual harassment, including sexual violence. Sexual harassment is conduct that is sexual in nature, and is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive that it adversely affects a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from the university’s activities or educational programs or creates a hostile or abusive educational environment. Sexual violence is a form of sexual harassment prohibited by Title IX, which includes conduct that is criminal in nature. Acts may include rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual coercion, unwanted touching, dating violence, domestic violence and sexually motivated stalking.

Inquiries concerning the application of Title IX may be referred to Shippensburg University’s Title IX coordinator or to the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights:

Shippensburg University Title IX Coordinator
Carlesha Halkias, J.D., Director of Social Equity
Old Main 200
1871 Old Main Drive, Shippensburg, PA 17257-2299
cghalkias@ship.edu (717) 477-1161

Office for Civil Rights, Department of Education
400 Maryland Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20202-1100
ocr@ed.gov
Phone: (202) 245-6700; Toll-free: (800) 421-3481; TTY: (800) 877-8339
http://www.ed.gov/ocr

What programs are offered to educate and prevent sex offenses, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking?

Department of Education and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provide the following terms and definitions:

Dating Violence: Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party's statement and with consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.

  • Dating violence includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse.
  • Dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of domestic violence.

Domestic Violence: A felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed

  • By a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim.
  • By a person with whom the victim shares a child in common.
  • By a person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner.
  • By a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.
  • By any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.

Sexual Assault: An offense that meets the definition of rape, fondling, incest, or statutory rape used in the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting system. A sex offense is any sexual act directed against another person, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of consent.

Stalking: Engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to:

  • Fear for the person’s safety or the safety of others.
  • Suffer substantial emotional distress.

Consent: Within the context of sexual activity, consent is defined as an informed decision made freely and actively by all parties. Conduct will be considered "without consent" if no clear consent — verbal or nonverbal — is given. Because sexual misconduct is defined as sexual activity that is undertaken without consent, each participant must obtain and give consent to each sexual act.

Various departments on campus present educational programs to prevent rape, sexual assault, and other types of relationship violence, as well as how to respond to these types of incidents. The Women’s Center, the Counseling Center, the Dean of Students Office, and Etter Health Center along with the Department of Public Safety are directly involved in conducting seminars, distributing literature, and producing programming throughout the campus. Information regarding prevention and community response to sexual violence is presented during new student orientation programming. New and existing employees are provided education and training in these areas through the Office of Social Equity. There are booklets and online and face-to-face training sessions offered to all employees. Information for everyone also can be found at http://www.ship.edu/no_more/.

Women’s Center Educational Workshops

The Women’s Center provides engaging and educational workshops for residence hall floors, student organizations, classes, trainings, and other programs or events. These workshops reflect our mission to advance equality and end sexual assault and intimate partner abuse on our campus. All workshops are interactive and discuss the resources available on and off campus. Contact the Women’s Center at (717) 477-1790 or womenscenter@ship.edu for more information.

The Women's Center offered the following prevention and awareness programs for all students in 2016 and will offer them again in the 2017-2018 academic year. They can be customized to any group, and, though the group size and time listed for each program are ideals, they can be adjusted.

Consent Is Sexy/Consent Is Mandatory

Time: 45 minutes

Group Size: 20–80 people

This interactive program uses text messaging polls, video clips, and interactive dialogue to establish the scope of the sexual assault epidemic on college and university campuses. The core of the program breaks down five components of consent and discusses the necessity of asking for consent for intimate interactions.

This program is sometimes combined with the “Power of a Bystander” program.

Objectives:

  • Define sexual assault, rape, and intimate partner abuse.
  • Review sexual assault and rape statistics.
  • Define and explain consent.
  • Discuss the necessity of asking for consent.

Chris Goes to a Party?

Time: 30–45 minutes

Group Size: 20–30 people

This program takes a closer look at gender stereotyping and how that can contribute to victim blaming in cases of sexual assault. Through small-group work and larger group discussions, participants are led through a scenario and asked to assess how the main character is treated differently depending on his/her gender.

It is best if the theme of this program is not advertised or discussed beforehand. Participants should not know this workshop is about gender before they participate.

Objectives:

  • Challenge students to think critically about gender and stereotypes.
  • Address gender stereotyping and how it affects relationships.
  • Discuss behaviors that lead to gender stereotyping.
  • Gain understanding of how to be a change agent and break down gender stereotypes.

The Lies that Movies Told Me

Time: 45–60 minutes

Group Size: 12–40 people

This is the Women’s Center’s most popular program. It’s an interactive exploration of how media shape the way we perceive relationships. Participants take a critical look at the messages they receive from movies and the impact that can have on their own lives. This workshop discusses both healthy and unhealthy relationship behaviors and provides information for supporting a friend who may be in an unhealthy relationship.

Objectives:

  • Understand the elements of healthy relationships.
  • Gain knowledge of red flags for intimate partner abuse (IPA) and what to do about them.
  • Obtain understanding of resources for IPA and how to help/support a friend.

#whyistayed

Time: 60–75 minutes

Group Size: 20–60

This eye-opening workshop is completely interactive and puts participants in their own dating abuse or domestic violence situation. Using money and favors, they must navigate the challenges of escaping an abusive partner. There are two versions of this workshop; one depicts a college dating abuse scenario, while the other focuses on a married couple. This program can be emotionally intense and be a trigger for victims of intimate partner abuse.

Objectives:

  • Gain understanding of the complexities of IPA.
  • Comprehend the difficulty victims face when making the decision to leave an IPA situation.
  • Learn about the cycle of violence and red flags to IPA.
  • Become informed of resources and ways to support friends or family members who are in IPA relationships.

The Problem, The Cause, The Cure — An Examination of Rape Culture

Time: 60–75 minutes

Group Size: 12–100 people

This workshop takes a closer look are rape culture in the media and its link to sexual violence. Through videos, memes, and advertisements, participants engage in conversations about the messages they absorb every day and the ways in which they can shift the culture to embrace and support positive messages of gender, anti-violence, and victim support.

Objectives:

  • Establish a basic understanding of rape culture, its prevalence in our community and society, and how it impacts sexual violence.
  • Gain knowledge of methods for combating rape culture, both personally and in the community.
  • Learn the industries that contribute most to rape culture and why.

Consent 2.0

Time: 45–60 minutes

Group Size: 20 men

This program is an extension of the “Consent Is Sexy/Consent Is Mandatory” program that is designed specifically for men. After reviewing the five components of consent, participants are asked to individually contemplate a series of sexual misconduct scenarios and make comments via sticky notes. After participants have had a chance to comment, the large group engages in a discussion about sexual misconduct and its impact on the lives of the people involved in these situations.

Objectives:

  • Review consent.
  • Engage students in discussion about consent and its importance/necessity.
  • Give students the opportunity to talk about situations that concern consent and healthy relationships.

Ship Says No More and the Power of a Bystander

Time: 30–45 minutes

Group Size: 12–50+

This short program discusses the role of bystanders in preventing sexual misconduct. Participants will learn what bystander intervention is, the steps to taking action, and simple techniques they can implement if they observe a situation. Through role play, they will practice the skills they just learned and discuss how small, simple actions can have successful outcomes.

This workshop often is combined with other workshops.

Objectives:

  • Review the Ship Says No More program.
  • Discuss reasons for and methods of intervention.
  • Address safety concerns for bystander intervention.
  • Practice bystander intervention through role play.

Don’t be a Target

Time: 30–45 minutes

Group Size: 20–40 women

This program, designed specifically for women, is a risk reduction program focusing on the three characteristics that perpetrators look for most. Participants engage in an interactive activity that takes them through three rings of a target, each section representing a different set of behaviors. This program also addresses victim blaming and resources.

*NOTE: This program is retired. The Women’s Center no longer advertises this program, but will facilitate it upon request and under certain circumstances.

Objectives:

  • Gain understanding of victim blaming and rape culture.
  • Gain knowledge of safety techniques and risk reduction that specifically address acquaintance rape.

One Drink

Time: 45–60 minutes

Group Size: 12–50+

Designed specifically for student-athletes, this program discusses the effects of alcohol on athletic performance, risk reduction, making healthy decisions, consent, sexual misconduct (specifically how alcohol relates to sexual misconduct), student conduct policies, NCAA policies, and resources. Funded by a Choices Grant from the NCAA, it is co-presented with SU Athletics, Office of Athletic Training, Office of Fraternity and Sorority Life, and The Connection Drug and Alcohol Program.

Objectives:

  • Improve understanding of the impact of alcohol on decision making.
  • Review laws, policies, and procedure.
  • Provide information on consent, specifically as it relates to sexual misconduct.
  • Discuss reasons for and methods of intervention.

REACT

The Rape Educators and Contacts (REACT) program supports survivors of sexual assault and educates the campus community on this issue. REACT is composed of compassionate students who, recognizing the need to end violence and sexual assault, volunteer and go through rigorous training. REACT is actively involved during orientation and throughout the academic year, presenting programs related to various issues surrounding sexual assault, abuse, and rape. Some of the topics that REACT typically presents are alcohol and date rape, campus rape, steps to maximize safety, taking action, filing charges on or off campus, how to help a victim/survivor of date rape drugs, and male/female communications.

What is the SU policy for reporting sex offenses, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking and FOR assisting victims of reported sex crimes?

Staff members from the Dean of Students Office, Office of Social Equity, Office of Student Code of Conduct, and University Police Department review reported incidents involving students both on and off campus who are survivors of sexual violence to address specific issues and ensure that the survivors of these incidents are receiving assistance and support.

Survivors of rape, sexual assault, and other types of relationship violence are encouraged to report these incidents as soon as they are able to the Department of Public Safety or the police department of jurisdiction. Timely reports are crucial to evidence collection and preservation. If survivors are unsure who to contact, the Department of Public Safety will aid them in determining what agency would be responsible for the investigation in addition to providing information for their physical and psychological well-being.

Survivors of sexual assault should take every precaution to preserve all evidence of the assault by not tampering with any items at the scene, not changing clothing, and not washing any area of their body. Upon receiving a report of a sex-related crime, a police officer(s) will investigate the incident and assist the survivor in obtaining support from the university and county agencies that may be appropriate.

Procedures the University Police Department would follow in investigating any report of sexual misconduct include:

  • Assisting the victim with obtaining immediate medical attention if needed.
  • Interviewing the victim.
  • Assisting the victim in contacting the appropriate law enforcement agency if the University Police Department is not the department of jurisdiction.
  • Collecting any available evidence.
  • Contacting the Women’s Center or other appropriate organization to provide immediate support for the victim.
  • Providing the victim with information on support systems/resources available for assistance in dealing with the incident.
  • Assisting the victim in contacting the Dean of Students Office or on-call dean for accommodation of interim measures concerning academic and living situations as well as employment and transportation issues.
  • Conducting a thorough investigation into the incident.
  • Remaining in contact with the victim to assure her/his safety and keeping her/him apprised of investigative findings.
  • Making an arrest(s) when appropriate.
  • Providing the victim with support when/if needed to testify.
  • Providing the victim with notice of final resolution of the incident.
  • Providing any other information or support that may be needed by the victim.

What are the rights and options of those reporting domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking?

It is extremely important to preserve any evidence of the incident. This evidence will be necessary to prove the criminal domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking or to obtain a protection order.

Report these offenses to the University Police Department or the local police department having jurisdiction where the offense occurred. The victim has the option to:

  • Notify proper law enforcement authorities, including on-campus and local police.
  • Be assisted by campus authorities in notifying law enforcement authorities if she/he so chooses.
  • Decline to notify such authorities.

The victim has the right to seek, where applicable, an order of protection, no-contact order, restraining order, or similar lawful order issued by a criminal, civil, or tribal court. The university bears the responsibility of assisting the victim in obtaining such documents and of serving and enforcing them.

Resources available to victims of domestic violence, dating violence, intimate partner abuse, sexual assault, or stalking include services for counseling, health, mental health, victim advocacy, legal assistance, visa and immigration assistance, student financial aid, and other services both on campus and in the community. A list of these resources is provided to all victims.

Victims of sexual violence may have a forensic examination completed to obtain evidence, even if they do not choose to report the incident to law enforcement. Victims can go directly to the following hospitals where a sensitive and highly trained SANE (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner) nurse will conduct a forensic exam:

  • Chambersburg Hospital, 112 N. Seventh St., Chambersburg, PA 17201; (717) 267-3000
  • Carlisle Regional Medical Center, 361 Alexander Spring Road, Carlisle, PA 17015; (717) 249-1212

Victims who request to change academic, living, transportation, or employment situations or request protective measures will receive assistance and written notification of their options in those areas, if such accommodations are reasonably available, regardless of whether or not they report the crime to campus police or local law enforcement.

Additionally, personally identifiable information about the victim will be treated as confidential and only shared with persons with a specific need to know who are investigating/adjudicating the complaint or delivering resources or support services to the complainant. For example, publicly available recordkeeping for purposes of Clery Act reporting and disclosures will be made without inclusion of identifying information about the victim, as defined in 42 U.S.C. 1395 (a)(20). Further, the institution will maintain as confidential any accommodations or protective measures provided to the victim to the extent that maintaining such confidentiality would not impair the ability of the institution to provide the accommodations or protective measures.

The university will make every effort to accommodate survivor requests that can be accomplished reasonably. Every effort also will be made to accommodate interim measures concerning employment and transportation issues. Such requests should be directed to the Dean of Students Office. Reasonable measures will be taken to avoid survivor/suspect contact until final disposition and due process take place. Violators of sexual assault statutes can be prosecuted criminally, and also are subject to university judicial proceedings where both the survivor and the suspect have equal rights to have others present. Both the survivor and the suspect will be advised of the outcome of any judicial proceeding. A judicial hearing board may impose a sanction for violations of this nature, including probation, loss of on-campus housing, or suspension or expulsion from the institution. A preponderance of evidence is required in a judicial hearing.

Institutional Disciplinary Proceedings for Sexual Violence

  • Upon notification of an alleged sexual misconduct violation, the Deputy Title IX Coordinator (or designee) will initiate an administrative fact finding process. A report of the investigation will be submitted to the Deputy Title IX Coordinator (or designee) for review. Included in the report will be a summary of the allegation and a list of the Student Code of Conduct violations, along with complainant, respondent, and witness answers to questions posed during fact finding/investigation. When available, complainant and respondent statements regarding the facts of the incident also may be submitted for review. Based on this review, the Deputy Title IX Coordinator will determine if the nature and circumstances of the complaint meet the definition of any of the grievances included in Title IX policy.
  • As per the determination of the Deputy Title IX Coordinator, a formal hearing will be scheduled with the University Conduct Board for cases that meet the definition of a Title IX violation. The Dean of Students Office/Office of Student Conduct will contact both the complainant and the respondent to arrange a pre-hearing conference prior to the formal hearing with the University Conduct Board. This is a requirement. This conference will provide each party with information and address any questions or concerns about preparing for the formal hearing. Students are advised of their right to have representation at this and all stages of the Title IX process.
  • The University Conduct Board is required to consider suspending or expelling any student found responsible for sexual misconduct; however, the board may impose any sanction that it finds to be fair and proportionate to the violation. In determining an appropriate sanction, the University Conduct Board may consider any record of past violations of the Student Code of Conduct, as well as the nature and severity of such past violation(s). The University Conduct Board also will consider, as part of its deliberations, whether the sanction will (a) bring an end to the violation in question, (b) reasonably prevent a recurrence of a similar violation, and (c) remedy the effects of the violation on the complainant and the university community. The sanction imposed will be explained or supported in the written decision of the University Conduct Board.
  • Both the complainant and the respondent will be informed of their right to have their complaint investigated by a team and heard by a panel of university representatives who have received annual training on Title IX investigations and adjudications.
  • In the pre-hearing process, both the complainant and the respondent will be informed that they will be notified of the outcome (responsible/not responsible) and the sanction of the University Conduct Board at the same time. The sanction letter shall inform both parties that either one may appeal the outcome and/or sanction according to the university’s appeal policy, if they so choose. If an appeal is submitted, the other party will be notified. The outcome of the appeal also will be shared with both parties involved at the same time.

Complainant Bill of Rights

  • The right to an investigation and appropriate resolution of all credible complaints of sexual misconduct made in good faith to university administrators.
  • The right to be treated with respect by university officials.
  • The right of both complainant and respondent to have the same opportunity to have others present (in support or advisory roles) during a campus disciplinary hearing.
  • The right not to be discouraged by university officials when reporting an assault to on-campus and/or off-campus authorities.
  • The right to be informed promptly of the outcome and sanction of any disciplinary hearing involving sexual assault and/or any violent crime offenses.
  • The right to be informed by university officials of options to notify proper law enforcement authorities, including on-campus and local police, and the option to be assisted by campus authorities in notifying such authorities, if the student so chooses. This also includes the right not to report, if that is the complainant’s desire.
  • The right to be notified of available counseling, mental health, or student services for victims of sexual assault, both on campus and in the community.
  • The right to be advised of the options available to change academic and living situations (no formal complaint or investigation, campus or criminal, need occur before this option is available).
  • The right not to have irrelevant prior sexual history admitted as evidence in a campus hearing.
  • The right not to have any complaint of sexual assault mediated (as opposed to adjudicated).
  • The right to make a victim-impact statement at the campus conduct proceeding and to have the statement considered by the board in determining its sanction.
  • The right to a campus no-contact order against another student who has engaged in or threatens to engage in stalking, threatening, or harassing conduct that presents danger to the welfare of the complaining student or others.
  • The right to have complaints of sexual misconduct responded to quickly and professionally by campus law enforcement, the Office of Student Conduct, and the Title IX Coordinator.
  • The right to review all documentary evidence available regarding the complaint, subject to the privacy limitations imposed by state and federal law, at least 48 hours prior to the hearing.
  • The right to be informed of the names of all witnesses who will be called to give testimony within 48 hours of the hearing, except in cases where a witness’s identity will not be revealed to the respondent student for compelling safety reasons.
  • The right to preservation of confidentiality to the extent possible and allowed by law.
  • The right to a hearing closed to the public.
  • The right to bring a victim advocate or advisor to all phases of the investigation and campus conduct proceeding.
  • The right to give testimony in a campus hearing by means other than being in the same room with the respondent student.
  • The right to ask investigators to identify and question relevant witnesses, including expert witnesses.
  • The right to be fully informed of campus conduct rules and procedures as well as the nature and extent of all alleged violations contained within the complaint.
  • The right to have the university compel the presence of student employee witnesses and the opportunity (if desired) to ask questions, directly or indirectly, of witnesses (including the respondent student), and the right to challenge documentary evidence.
  • The right to be present for all testimony given and evidence presented before the conduct body.
  • The right to have complaints heard by conduct and appeals officers who have received annual sexual misconduct training.
  • The right to a University Conduct Board composed of representatives of both genders.
  • The right not to have released to the public any personally identifiable information about the complainant without his or her consent.

Respondent Bill of Rights

  • The right to be fully informed of the nature, rules, and procedures of the campus conduct process and to timely written notice of all alleged violations within the complaint, including the nature of the violation and possible sanctions.
  • The right to a hearing on the complaint, including timely notice of the hearing date, and adequate time for preparation.
  • The right not to have irrelevant prior sexual history admitted as evidence in a campus hearing.
  • The right to make an impact statement at the campus conduct proceeding and to have that statement considered by the board in determining its sanction.
  • The right to appeal the [finding and] sanction of the conduct body, in accordance with the standards for appeal established by the university.
  • The right to review all documentary evidence available regarding the complaint, subject to the privacy limitations imposed by state and federal law, at least 48 hours prior to the hearing.
  • The right to be informed of the names of all witnesses who will be called to give testimony within 48 hours of the hearing, except in cases where a witness’s identity will not be revealed to the respondent student for compelling safety reasons.
  • The right to a hearing closed to the public.
  • The right to petition that any members of the conduct body be removed on the basis of bias.
  • The right to have the university compel the presence of a student and the opportunity to ask questions, directly or indirectly, of witness(es), and the right to challenge documentary evidence.
  • The right to have complaints heard by conduct and appeals officers who have received annual sexual misconduct adjudication training.
  • The right to have university policies and procedures followed without material deviation.
  • The right to have an advisor or advocate accompany and assist in the campus hearing process. This advisor can be anyone [optional: including an attorney (provided at the respondent student’s own cost)], but the advisor may not take part directly in the hearing itself, though they may communicate with the respondent student as necessary.
  • The right to a fundamentally fair hearing as defined in these procedures.
  • The right to a written notice of the outcome and sanction of the hearing.
  • The right to a University Conduct Board composed of representatives of both genders.
  • The right to be informed in advance, when possible, of any public release of information regarding the complaint.

Information regarding registered sex offenders can be found at http://www.pameganslaw.state.pa.us/

OFFICES THAT CAN PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF SEX CRIMES ON CAMPUS

Department of Public Safety (717) 477-1444
Dean of Students Office (717) 477-1164
Women’s Center (717) 477-1790
Office of Social Equity (717) 477-1161
Etter Health Center (717) 477-1458
University Counseling Center (717) 477-1481
Office of Multicultural Student Affairs (717) 477-1616
Office of the Title IX Coordinator (717) 477-1161
Ship Says No More http://www.ship.edu/no_more/
OFF CAMPUS
Domestic Violence Services of Cumberland and Perry Counties (717) 258-4249 (800) 852-2102
Sexual Assault/Rape Crisis Services of Cumberland County (888) 727-2877
Women in Need (Franklin and Fulton County) (717) 264-4444 (800) 621-6660
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (800) 375-5283
MidPenn Legal Services (717) 243-9400
RAINN – Rape, Abuse, Incest National Network (800) 656- HOPE
No More http://nomore.org/

What can campus members do to help prevent sexual and relationship violence?

Bystander Intervention

*Adapted from the NSVRC Engaging Bystanders in Sexual Violence Prevention

Bystander intervention is when a person or group of people takes action to interrupt or assist to improve the outcome of the situation.

Steps to Bystander Intervention

  1. Notice something is wrong/inappropriate
  2. Consider taking action
  3. Choose what form of assistance to use and understand how to implement the choice
  4. Intervene
  5. Evaluate

Bystander intervention does not have to be time consuming or complicated; often a small act can change the course of events. Below are a few examples of effective methods for intervention, but there are many ways to take action to improve a situation:

I statements have three parts: (1) State your feelings; (2) Name the behavior; and (3) State how you want the person to respond. This focuses on your feelings rather than criticizing the other person.

Silent stares are a disapproving look that lets someone know what they are doing is inappropriate. Think of that look you get from your parents when you are breaking a rule.

Humor reduces the tension of an intervention by using a funny anecdote. Do not undermine what you say with too much humor. Funny doesn't mean unimportant, hurtful, or degrading.

Group intervention is when a group of friends, family members, co-workers, or acquaintances work together to address a situation that is either a long-term problem with a person or an immediate situation that has made them uncomfortable.

Distraction is used simply to snap someone out of a situation by providing an interruption that can give the potential target of the behavior a chance to move away or get help from another friend.

Risk Reduction

Being raped or sexually assaulted is never the victim’s fault.

  • Lock your door.
  • Avoid excessive use of alcohol and drugs. They can interfere with clear thinking.
  • Know your limits; plan ahead.
  • Walk with people you know and trust.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask for help before, during, or after an assault.
  • Be aware of your surroundings and the people around you.
  • Keep campus emergency numbers in your cell phone.
  • Always trust your instincts when something doesn’t “feel right.”
  • If a person is drunk, he or she cannot legally consent to sex.
  • Be assertive. Don’t allow politeness, fear of hurting someone’s feelings, or accusations that you have “led someone on” trap you into a dangerous situation.
  • Know your sexual boundaries and clearly communicate them.

Don’t be a silent bystander. If you see someone in a potentially dangerous situation, speak up or get help.