Highlights & Reminders

Welcome back!  We are glad you are back and are settling into the semester.  Here is wishing you a productive and successful 2014-2015 Academic Year!

Winter & Spring Field Courses

Get ready for the best classes you could take this academic year. Geo 450 and GEO 190: Regional Geography-Geology Field Studies in Curacao, Winter-Spring 2015! Contact Dr. Cornell or Dr. Jantz for more information, but click here to put your name on the interest sign-up list.

Keep an eye out for the announcements for the 2014 Photo Contest: 

Download and view a PDF of the 2013 entries.


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Contact

Geography & Earth Science Department
104 Shearer Hall
1871 Old Main Dr.
Shippensburg, PA 17257

Phone: 717-477-1685
Fax: 717-477-4029
Email: geog@ship.edu

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Alumni

Please take a moment to fill out our Alumni Survey!

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Courses


Earth Science (ESS)


ESS108 Conservation of Natural Resources (3 crs.)


Introduction to environmental conservation. Basic elements of the physical environment are examined in consideration of the interaction between physical and human landscape systems. Emphasis on fundamental relationship of society to agricultural, hydrologic, biotic, mineral, and energy resources. Factors of environmental quality and land use by society also considered.

ESS110 Introduction to Geology (3 crs.) 

Examines and analyzes the geological processes and elements involved in the mobile earth, with emphasis on earth materials, external and internal processes, and earth history. Attention given to human interaction with the geological environment. Topographic maps, fossils, minerals and rocks are used to enhance understanding and student involvement. Lab/lecture.

ESS111 Introduction to the Atmosphere (3 crs.) 

Examines and analyzes the interrelated processes and elements of our atmospheric environment, including air-sea interactions, which produce our patterns of weather and climate. Attention given to interaction of the environmental elements and people with emphasis on areas of pollution, atmospheric modification, political and legal aspects, and economic implications of the atmospheric environment. Maps, space and aerial photographs, and instruments are used to enhance understanding and involvement in environmental problems. Lab/lecture.

ESS207 Atmospheric Studies (3 crs.) 

Provides basic information about the atmosphere, which students will apply to the understanding of selected atmospheric environmental topics; for example: air pollution, greenhouse warming, ozone, etc. Intended for Geography-Earth Science majors.

ESS210 Physical Geology (3 crs.) 

Deals with basic principles of mineralogy, petrology, earth structures, and surficial processes. Comprehensive analysis of the Plate Tectonic Theory. Lab/lecture.

ESS212 Historical Geology (3 crs.) 

Deals with origin and evolution of the geological and biological earth. Major areas include principles of historical geology, significance of sedimentary rocks, fossil records, and history of the Earth. Lab/lecture. Suggested prerequisite: ESS110 or ESS210.

ESS214 Geology of National Parks (3 crs.) 

Presents broad overview and basic geology in limited detail of the North American continent and Hawaii, particularly as represented by the National Parks. Classroom discussion supplemented by demonstration/laboratory exercises with earth materials, models, maps, and stereo photos.

ESS220 Oceanography (3 crs.) 

Comprehensive study of the ocean and surroundings. Main topics include origin of the ocean basins; water of the sea; physiography of the sea floor; plate tectonics; marine sediments; chemical properties of the sea; ocean circulation; waves, tides, beach, and shoreline processes; estuaries and life of the ocean. Prerequisite: ESS110 or ESS111 or CHM103 or permission of instructor.

ESS355 Meteorology (3 crs.) 

Deals with atmosphere and stresses those forces which bring about changes within it. Insolation, temperature, precipitation, humidity, winds, storms, and cloudiness are the chief topics studied. Origin and development of cyclones and their significance in weather forecasting play an important interpretative part of this course. Two hours lecture and two hours lab/week.

ESS393 Selected Topics in Earth Science (1-3 crs.) 

Opportunity to offer courses in areas of departmental major interest not covered by the regular courses.

ESS404 Applied Meteorology and Climatology (3 crs.) 

Intensive study of interaction between various atmospheric parameters and the natural or human-modified surfaces of the earth centered on the applied nature of the atmosphere including discussion of urban, human, agricultural, architectural, and commercial aspects of society. Computer simulations and mapping are utilized to enhance understanding. Each student carries out a field study on a particular problem of atmospheric interest. Prerequisite: ESS111 or ESS355.

ESS413 Mineral and Rock Resources (3 crs.) 

Deals with metallic ore deposits such as iron, ferroalloys and nonferrous metals, mineral fuels, and other selected minerals of economic significance. Emphasis on geologic occurrence and mode of origin, geographical distribution, and importance to humans.

ESS442 Environmental Geology (3 crs.) 

Deals with relationships between man and the geological habitat. Concerned with problems people have in using the earth and the reaction of the earth to that use in both a rural and urban setting. Stress placed on developing problem-solving skills in collecting, recording, and interpreting data through field investigations and simulation techniques. Prerequisite: ESS110.

ESS490 Selected Topics (1-3 crs.) 

ESS594 Selected Topics (1-3 crs.) 

ESS599 Independent Study (3 crs.)


Geography (GEO)

GEO101 World Geography (3 crs.) 

Study of basic global patterns and problems and the distinctive characteristics and interconnections of world culture regions with human ways of living viewed in their interactions and associations with natural, human, and technological resources of aspects of the environment. Course made functional in everyday living through perception of relations between concepts of the course and current world problems.

GEO103 Geography of the United States and Canada (3 crs.) 

Introductory regional analysis of population, land utilization, and economic activity through a comprehensive study of interrelationships between humans and the physical and cultural environments. Provides a conceptual framework within which past, present, and future rural and urban environments of the United States and Canada become explainable.

GEO105 Physical Geography (3 crs.) 

Studies way the basic natural phenomena of air, water, and ground mutually interact and the way in which these interactions vary from one part of the earth to another to yield different natural environmental regions. Two hours lecture/two hours lab/week.

GEO140 Cultural Geography (3 crs.) 

Examines the diverse cultural landscapes and behavioral patterns of the world. The dynamic aspects of our technological era are viewed as they influence cultural realms differing in race, language, religion, economy, and population distribution. The origin and diffusion of skills and tools used by societies to transform and adjust to their environments will be surveyed.

GEO308 Geography of Latin America (3 crs.) 

Comparative study of the geographical regions of Middle and South America. Latin American relations with the United States and the rest of the world are interpreted through the analysis of the economic, social, and cultural activities of people in relation to the physical factors of this environment. Prerequisite: GEO101.

GEO202 GIS I: Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (3 crs.) 

Introduction to the fundamental mapping and computer concepts and skills that underlie Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and every other geotechnology. Topics include representation (raster vs. vector), display, map scale, coordinate systems, data acquisition, and data management.

GEO203 Climatology (3 crs.) 

Deals with regional and applied climatology. Areas of emphasis are climatic controls, classification, U.S. precipitation regimes, world climate types, relationship of climate to other physical phenomena, and importance of climate in selected aspects of human activities.

GEO313 Geography of South and Southeast Asia (3 crs.) 

Examines the diverse cultural and physical features giving form to the present political/economic situation in this region and shaping the future.

GEO317 Geography of East Asia (3 crs.) 

Examines the vast and complex physical and cultural patterns of China, Korea, and Japan. Analysis of present and future economic and political structure is emphasized.

GEO217 Geography of Australia and Oceania (3 crs.) 

Appraises development of the island nations and possessions of the southwest Pacific as it examines the several geographic patterns evolved by different cultures in the various physical settings of this region.

GEO222 Map and Air Photo Analysis (3 crs.) 

Discussion and independent study of maps and aerial photographs to familiarize students with the nature and properties of maps and aerial photographs and to fundamental analytical techniques used to measure and describe spatially organized information. Laboratory exercises include qualitative and numerical reading, analysis and interpretation of a wide variety of maps and aerial photographs.

GEO224 Soils (3 crs.) 

Studies geoenvironmental aspects of soils: their nature and properties, classification and distribution, interpretation of soil surveys, and factors affecting land use decisions. Local soil types, surveys, management and conservation practices, and problems of environmental quality studied. Prerequisite: ESS110 or permission of the instructor.

GEO226 Hydrology (3 crs.) 

Presents basic concepts of hydrology with emphasis on the relationship of water to natural and human systems. Major topics include the dynamics of surface water flow, hydrogeology, water pollution, and water resources analysis.

GEO230 Economic Geography (3 crs.) 

Investigates and delineates the spatial patterns of the human process of making a living. Each major economic activity is considered in terms of the basic resources available in the physical environment and the existing technical advancement of the culture. Basic geographic considerations relevant in analyzing economic patterns such as locational factors, research tools, and location theory are introduced.

GEO244 Land Use (3 crs.) 

Reviews the relationship of people to the land and how technological advances and expanding population have put increasing pressure on lean resources and have created a variety of complex land use dilemmas which affect persons at all levels of society. Rural to urban migration, energy-consumptive settlement patterns, urban sprawl, private land ownership and control, and federal, state and local land use regulations will be studied. Spatial approach of land and the interaction of the physical and cultural environment in the decision-making process will be emphasized.

GEO352 Cartography (3 crs.) 

Introduces basic tools of map making. Explains techniques for displaying data and develops skills in compilation, design, and execution of maps.

GEO301 Introduction to Biogeography (3 crs.) 

Basic concepts and factors which are important in understanding the processes and influences involved in studying the distribution of terrestrial organisms over the earth will be presented. Some topics of importance include biodiversity; past and present patterns of the distribution of terrestrial organisms; the abiotic, biotic and human influences on those patterns; and a variety of factors related to the various time scales at which organisms can be studied.

GEO305 Geography of Europe (3 crs.) 

Regional course designed to develop unbiased understanding of the economic problems of Europe, exclusive of Russia and surrounding regions. Geographic relationships underlying land utilization, boundary disputes, and dominant international problems are considered. Prerequisite: GEO101.

GEO306 Geomorphology (3 crs.) 

Studies physical and chemical processes that have in the past and are presently forming the landscape. Description and classification of landforms and the theoretical and dynamic aspects of landform evolution are studied. Geomorphic techniques of quantitative analysis, advanced interpretation of topographic maps and air photographs, and field work are stressed. Two hours lecture and two hours lab/week. Prerequisite: ESS110.

GEO307 Geography of the Middle East and North Africa (3 crs.) 

Regional study of the physical, cultural, economic, and strategic elements of the Middle Eastern and North African regions. Emphasis on establishment of a foundation from which to analyze contemporary conditions.

GEO310 Transportation Geography (3 crs.) 

Analyzes overall roles of transportation within the urban context. An integral part is the discussion of current urban transportation problems. Field work involving an evaluation of local transportation needs will be required. Course topics and requirements are flexible enough to meet the needs of students coming from urban studies, economics, business and elementary education.

GEO314 Industrial Geography (3 crs.) 

Interpretative survey of the effects in the United States of geographic conditions upon industrial production and commerce, of development of commercial areas, and availability of resources to markets in relation to other regions of the world.

GEO320 Historical Geography (3 crs.) 

Emphasizes the reciprocal and causal relationships between the natural environment found in the United States and the historical movement and settlement of man on the varied American environment. Emphasizes interaction between human choice on one hand and the nature of coast lands, islands, rivers, mountains and soil, plains, and climate conditions.

GEO322 Urban Geography (3 crs.) 

Surveys the city, its forms, functions, internal and external relations, and evolution. Emphasis on large urban agglomerations, particularly those of the Western World. Individual and group field work examining local and regional urban areas of several classes is integral to the course.

GEO326 Political Geography (3 crs.) 

Gives attention to boundary problems, the value and control of colonies, fishing agreements, problems concerning commercial aviation, world trade, world food supplies, control and development of natural resources, and the geographic aspects of problems concerning world peace. Prerequisite: GEO101.

GEO339 Remote Sensing (3 crs.) 

Explores viewing and interpreting the earth from aircraft and satellite-borne imaging systems. Examines remote sensing of the Earth and uses the interaction of electromagnetic energy with matter to determine physical properties of surfaces. Imagery will include those from Landsat TM, SPOT, TIMS, and radar.