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CookDr. Doug Cook
Reference & Instruction Librarian
Office: LL115
Phone: 717-477-1123 ext. 3312

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Citation Formatting

Quick Guides by Dr. Cook

Online Citation Tools

These programs allow you to electronically format your sources and create a bibliography that can be downloaded directly into your paper.

Source Aid

SourceAid’s Citation Builder formats your bibliography in MLA, APA, CMS & CSE styles. You can also save your work for later editing or addition.

Citation Machine

Citation Machine generates works cited entries in MLA and APA formats which are able to be copied and pasted into a word document.


We subscribe to this service! RefWorks is a web-based bibliographic software package that enables you to:

  • Organize your research
  • Include citations while you write your paper
  • Build a bibliography in a variety of style formats (MLA, APA, Chicago)
  • Import references from many data sources (Databases, Catalog
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ENG107 - Intro to Literary Study - Dr. Montuori

Librarian - Dr. Cook

The following can also be accessed from the Library's web page - - click on 'Find Articles In Databases

1. Literary Criticism


  1. MLA International Bibliography - [Ship database] This is the most comprehensive database to modern literature and languages, indexing over 1.7 million periodical articles, books, and articles published in books, published from 1963 to the present. It also covers scholarly materials in related fields such as folklore, linguistics, and the dramatic arts. MLA indexes over 4,400 journals and series and covers items in a wide variety of languages.
  2. Academic Search Complete  - [Ship database] our most important general database that indexes approx. 8,000 journals, magazines, and newspapers in all subject areas. It includes the full-text of articles for about 5,000 of these publications. This is the essential starting place for all research.
  3. JSTOR  - [Ship database] provides access to an online archive for 700+ full text scholarly journals throughout the arts and sciences. It includes online backfiles which extend from the first issue to within 3-5 years of the current issue
  4. Project MUSE  -[Ship database] Project MUSE provides access to full text scholarly journals which cover the fields of literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies, education, political science, gender studies, etc


  1. - This is the mother of all library databases. If a book has been published it's in here. After you find out about a book see if we have it at Ship or in EZ-Borrow.
  2. Ship catalog - Books in Ship Library
  3. EZ-Borrow  - a cooperative catalog for borrowing books from 50+ academic libraries in Pennsylvania and the region, including Penn State and the University of Pennsylvania libraries..

2. Other Resources

  1. Biography Reference Bank - [Ship database] Features biographical essays, journal and magazine articles, obituaries, and other research sources on 1/2 million+ people.
  2. Literature Resource Center  - [Ship database] The Literature Resource Center is a comprehensive literature reference database containing biographical, bibliographical, and critical content. The Literature Resource Center covers literary figures from all time periods. It includes biographical full-text entries from the Dictionary of Literary Biography and Contemporary Authors.
  3. Literature Criticism Online  - [Ship database] This database is an excellent starting place for finding literary criticism. It includes the full text of nine major Gale literary criticism collections, including: Contemporary Literary Criticism, Twentieth-Century Literature Criticism, etc. 
  4. InterLibraryLoan - ILLiad - Articles not available in our databases can be ordered from ILLiad
  5. Journal Title List  -  a searchable list of all the journals to which Ship subscribes both digitally and in paper 


Annotated Bibliography Assignment
ENG 107
Fall 2009 Dr. Montuori


As part of the required work for this class, you will generate an annotated bibliography. Each student will be assigned a specific play for which he or she must submit two entries. Annotated bibliography entries will count for 15% of the semester grade.

What is an annotated bibliography? Very simply, it is a research tool, a collection of sources related to one topic, work, or author. You have all seen bibliographies (or Works Cited) in the back of scholarly books or at the end of scholarly articles. The main difference between these lists and an annotated bibliography is that the latter provides additional information on each entry that can help other researchers determine whether or not a particular work will be useful to them. Here is an example:

Example of an Annotated Bibliography

Maus, Katharine Eisaman. "Horns of Dilemma: Jealousy, Gender, and Spectatorship in English Renaissance Drama." ELH
56 (Summer 1989): 561-584.

Maus examines Renaissance dramatists' fascination with the theme of cuckoldry and the variations on it: questionable paternity, jealous husbands, scheming wives, etc. But, Maus claims, this fascination centers almost exclusively around the actions and reactions of the husbands---rivals and wives are only marginal characters. For Maus, the husband's obsession of with finding out the truth about his wife parallels the relationship of the audience to the play.

Maus first discusses the motif of "ocular proof." Jealous husbands often want to witness the act that pains them so, as in The Winter's Tale, 'Tis Pity She's A Whore, The Taming of the Shrew, and The Duchess of Malfi. Although it may seem odd that husbands would want to witness the transgression, Maus points out that this desire to watch is partially to gain satisfaction and covert power of knowing. The husband wants to watch passively without having his own gaze returned; thus, he is like the audience, who has knowledge of characters that the characters themselves do not and who watches passively, unable to contribute or change the action. Both husband and audience are both at once impotent and powerful. Maus takes her analogy further by equating the audience as male and the spectacle itself as female, an object of the male gaze. The male gaze sees what is presented and must speculate on what is not, so rather than seeing the female as a whole, the male sees only parts and "symptoms": "The art of spectatorship is an art of diagnosis" (576).

Maus presents an interesting analogy, although the psychoanalytic terms and approaches are used infrequently and seem out of place. Freud is mentioned twice without any real connections made between his work and Maus's discussion of cuckoldry and spectatorship. Instead of being pure psychoanalytic theory, she incorporates ideas from feminist and reception theory as well, which can sometimes be confusing. The article might be useful to anyone working with gender relations or jealousy in early modern drama.

Note that the heading uses the MLA documentation format. MLA (Modern Language Association) is the standard documentation format for our discipline, English. You should refer to the seventh edition of the MLA Guide for Writers of Research Papers, a required text for this course, to make sure your documentation formatting is correct.

A good annotated bibliography entry should:

1. Provide a brief summary of the work, including the thesis or dominant idea, the major points, and the methods used by the author. See the first two paragraphs of the example above. As you can see, these paragraphs resemble the short abstracts you may have run across as you searched for material on the one of the Library databases or periodical services.

2. Briefly evaluate the work and state its usefulness to researchers, as in the last paragraph of the example. You might also note in this section such things as poor or confusing (or interesting and clear!) writing; the fact that the author uses technical terminology that a layperson might not understand (or explains technical terms in an accessible manner); a lack of evidence or examples; the inclusion of photographs or diagrams that are helpful; etc.

An annotated bibliography is a tool for your readers and for other researchers who might be working on the same or a similar topic. Think back to the abstracts you found while researching materials for your working bibliography. Did you read any that caused you to eliminate a source that initially sounded good (on the basis of the title)? Did you read any that led you to print out or seek out the whole article? That's what a good annotated bibliography entry should do: help you to determine whether a work will be useful for your purposes.

You are required to submit two annotated bibliography entries. Each separate entry should take up approximately 1/2 page, single spaced; if it is much longer, it is probably providing more information than necessary. Your annotated bibliography entries must follow these restrictions and guidelines:

 You may select journal articles, books, essays from collections. Do not select entire books that are collections of essays: you will not be able to adequately cover the material.
 At least one entry must be from a scholarly journal. These may include articles reprinted in a collection—but they must be documented as reprinted articles (see MLA Handbook).
 Do not use more than one entry from Explicator, Notes and Queries, English Notes and similar journals that feature short (1-5 pages) glosses. While they are scholarly, these are not full-fledged critical articles and usually offer little that would be of help in writing an analytic paper.
 If you are using a collection of essays by various authors, use only one from that source. (You may use more for your paper.)
Do not use a web site unless I pre-approve it. As you probably know, many are unreliable, and most are not scholarly.
 No performance reviews.
 No book reviews.
 No "information search" sites (LookSmart,, Geocities).
 No dictionaries or encyclopedias.
 No study guides or student essays (Spark Notes, Classic Notes, GradeSaver,,, etc.).

There are two due dates for this project. First, on Monday, September 21, you must submit a list of 10 possible sources, listed alphabetically in MLA documentation format. (It should look like a Works Cited page.) I will return the list to you at the next class with the entries circled from which you may choose. The point is to make sure that no one is writing on the same sources so that, when your entries are collated, the class will have generated an annotated bibliography of about 24 different sources.

On Friday, October 2, we will have a draft workshop in class on your annotated bibliography entries. Bring your MLA handbook, copies of the articles on which you worked, and a rough draft of your entries.

The final due date for your completed annotated bibliography entries is Wednesday, October 2. You must upload your entries as a Turnitin Assignment on Blackboard and also bring a print copy to class for grading purposes. I will download and collate all submissions into annotated bibliographies on A Doll House and The Glass Menagerie and will upload them for your use as Course Documents.