On Campus Employment
All F-1 students are eligible to begin on-campus work no earlier than 30 days before their start date on their I-20 and must end before or on the end date of their I-20 and can only apply for on campus jobs. Check out the Career Connections Link: http://www.ship.edu/Career/Job_and_Internship_Programs/
On-campus employment by F-1 students is permitted as long as the student works no more than 20 hours a week while school is in session. Students may be employed full-time during vacations and recess periods as long as they intend to register for the next term.
On-campus employment means employment performed on the premises of the school or at an affiliated off-campus location. On-campus employment may be of a type normally performed by students, such as, work in the school library, cafeterias, computer center, or in a students' store, or employment that is part of a student's scholarship, fellowship or assistantship. Students are advised to talk with the ISA prior to taking any job at an affiliated off-campus location.
1) Off-campus Employment Based On Severe Economic Hardship
- Have maintained valid F-1 visa status for at least one academic year (9-months).
- In good standing as a student and carrying a full course ( 12 credits for undergraduates and 9 credits for graduates) of study during the academic year.
- Able to demonstrate and document unforeseen severe economic hardship and lack of available on-campus employment.
Possible Circumstances That Can Cause Severe Economic Hardship
- Loss of financial assistance or on-campus employment without fault on the part of the student.
- The value of currency from the student's country dramatically decreased.
- Inordinate increases in tuition and/or living costs.
- Unexpected changes in the financial condition of the student's source of support.
- Incurring large medical expenses.
Applications are submitted to the Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for final decision and no work may be performed until the student is granted an Employment Authorization Document (EAD). Students should talk with the ISA if the need for such employment arises.
Cooperative education and internship programs allow students to obtain practical work experience in their field of study. In order for F-1 students to participate in off-campus work experience, immigration regulations require that students receive academic credits for the work experience, unless it is a required component of their degree program. The US Citizenship and Immigration Servies (USCIS) refer to this kind of off-campus work experience as Curricular Practical Training (CPT).
2) Curricular Practical Training (Internship)
- Undergraduate students must have completed nine months in F-1 visa status.
- Graduate students can begin if their program requires CPT
- Students must be in legal F-1 visa status, in good academic standing and making normal, satisfactory progress toward completion of their degree.
- The type of employment must be directly related to a student's major and an integral part of an established curriculum. If the internship is not required for graduation, then the student must register and pay for credits
- CPT can be full-time (40 hours per week) or part-time (20 hours per week).
- The International Student Advisor approves CPT and approval must be provided before work was to begin.
- Students must apply at least two weeks prior to the start of the internship.
- If the student participates in 12 months or more of full time CPT, he/she loses the ability to participate in Optional Practical Training.
3) Optional Practical Training
Pre - Completion Practical Training
Pre-completion practical training is permitted for F-1 students as long as the work is for no more than 20 hours a week while school is in session.
Full time employment under this category is allowed during vacations and recess periods as long as the student intends to register for the next term. Time spent in pre-completion practical training will be deducted from the 12 months full-time employment available for post-completion practical training. For example, if the student works 20 hours a week for 4 months, he/she would have two months deducted from the 12 months post-completion practical training.
Applications are submitted to the Citizenship and Immigration Servies (USCIS) for final decision.
Post - Completion Practical Training
F-1 students are entitled to up to one year post-completion practical training for each successive and higher degree. Time spent in pre-completion practical training is deducted from the 12-month period.
Students must apply 90 days before completion of the degree.
Applications are submitted to the US Citizenship and Immigaration Servies (USCIS) for final decision.
Pick up a check list of needed items to process the OPT and schedule appointment with the ISA to complete the application.