Category C - Biological & Physical Sciences
(Three Courses - 9 credit hours)

Basic scientific literacy is necessary for knowledge of ourselves as a species and of the universe in which we live. The courses in this category have two comprehensive objectives-- to make clear what kinds of problems in the physical world are susceptible to scientific investigation and what kinds of solutions such investigation can produce and to provide an appreciation of the practice of scientific research and methodology, with its interaction of experiment and hypothesis. While the requirements of this category may be satisfied without a course containing a laboratory component, the university strongly encourages the selection of such courses. Experimentation in the laboratory allows the student both to observe and to participate directly in the systematic observation of nature and the principles of its investigation.

One course must be taken from those listed inTHREE of the following disciplines.

Earth Science
ANT121 Physical Anthropology BIO100 Basic Biology CHM103 Chemistry: A Cultural Approach ESS108 Conservation of Natural Resources PHY108 Astronomy
BIO 150 Human Biology CHM105 Chemistry: An Observational Approach ESS110 Introduction to Geology PHY110 Physics for Society
BIO115 Principles of Biology I (normally for majors, minors, or other science majors) CHM121 Chemical Bonding ESS111 Introduction to the Atmosphere PHY115 Physical Science: A Laboratory Approach
BIO145 Environmental Biology ESS210 Physical Geology PHY121 Introduction to Physics I
BIO 142 Introduction to Ecology PHY205 Intermediate Physics I

*Note: Students majoring in the biological or physical sciences are permitted to count one course from their major department toward satisfying this requirement. Natural science courses that carry one of the above courses as a prerequisite and required science courses for elementary education majors may also be counted toward this requirement.