ESS108 Conservation of Natural Resources (3 crs.)
Introduction to environmental conservation. Basic elements of the physical environment are examined in consideration of the interaction between physical and human landscape systems. Emphasis on fundamental relationship of society to agricultural, hydrologic, biotic, mineral, and energy resources. Factors of environmental quality and land use by society also considered.
ESS111 Introduction to the Atmosphere (3 crs.)
Examines and analyzes the interrelated processes and elements of our atmospheric environment, including air-sea interactions, which produce our patterns of weather and climate. Attention given to interaction of the environmental elements and people with emphasis on areas of pollution, atmospheric modification, political and legal aspects, and economic implications of the atmospheric environment. Maps, space and aerial photographs, and instruments are used to enhance understanding and involvement in environmental problems. Lab/lecture.
ESS207 Atmospheric Studies (3 crs.)
Provides basic information about the atmosphere, which students will apply to the understanding of selected atmospheric environmental topics; for example: air pollution, greenhouse warming, ozone, etc. Intended for Geography-Earth Science majors.
ESS404 Applied Meteorology and Climatology (3 crs.)
Intensive study of interaction between various atmospheric parameters and the natural or human-modified surfaces of the earth centered on the applied nature of the atmosphere including discussion of urban, human, agricultural, architectural, and commercial aspects of society. Computer simulations and mapping are utilized to enhance understanding. Each student carries out a field study on a particular problem of atmospheric interest. Prerequisite: ESS111 or ESS355.
ESS442 Environmental Geology (3 crs.)
Deals with relationships between man and the geological habitat. Concerned with problems people have in using the earth and the reaction of the earth to that use in both a rural and urban setting. Stress placed on developing problem-solving skills in collecting, recording, and interpreting data through field investigations and simulation techniques. Prerequisite: ESS110.
GEO203 Climatology (3 crs.)
Deals with regional and applied climatology. Areas of emphasis are climatic controls, classification, U.S. precipitation regimes, world climate types, relationship of climate to other physical phenomena, and importance of climate in selected aspects of human activities.
GEO226 Hydrology (3 crs.)
Presents basic concepts of hydrology with emphasis on the relationship of water to natural and human systems. Major topics include the dynamics of surface water flow, hydrogeology, water pollution, and water resources analysis.
GEO301 Introduction to Biogeography (3 crs.)
Basic concepts and factors which are important in understanding the processes and influences involved in studying the distribution of terrestrial organisms over the earth will be presented. Some topics of importance include biodiversity; past and present patterns of the distribution of terrestrial organisms; the abiotic, biotic and human influences on those patterns; and a variety of factors related to the various time scales at which organisms can be studied.
Geo 405 Environmental Conservation and Management in Pennsylvania (3 crs)
This course examines the management of environmental and natural resource issues. Legislation, policies, programs, and strategies that are developed at the local, state, and federal levels of government are discussed as they apply to these issues. There will be an emphasis on current environmental and natural resource issues in Pennsylvania. Topics that will be considered during the course will include the environment as a public policy issue, waste management and cleanup programs, energy, air and water pollution, and the use of public lands. Through lectures, discussion, readings, writing assignments, and case study analysis, the student will be introduced to a range of environmental and natural resource issues.
GEO444 Environmental Land-Use Planning (3 crs.)
Studies the spatial pattern of land-use development in rural and urban areas and interaction between urbanization and environment. Examines the physical and cultural requirements of environmental land-use planning including the study of the land-use classification, planning and zoning procedures, economic activity and the city as an ecosystem. City planning techniques, land-use mapping and field study of local region are utilized.
GEO446 Water Resources Management (3 crs.)
Roles of water resources management policies and institutions are examined within central theme of unified river basin management. Stresses interrelationships among watershed planning; relevant legislation; agency authority and coordination; and the geography of watershed management. North American case studies used to illustrate multiple use issues, including aquatic ecology, wetlands, floodplain management, recreation, water supply, hydropower, industry, and commercial shipping.
GEO522 Geoenvironmental Hydrology (3 crs.)
Focuses on components of the hydrologic cycle including humidity, precipitation, interception, infiltration, soil moisture, evaporation, ground water, and stream flow. Particular emphasis is placed on using models to analyze these hydrological components and address practical hydrological issues such as storm water management, erosion, water quality, and stream and wetland restoration. Local water resources and watersheds are used as the basis for projects and field reports. Many projects will focus on human alterations to the hydrological system.
Geo 533 Science of Land Use Change (3 crs.)
Land use and land cover change can have dramatic social and ecological consequences. This seminar course will focus on understanding and recognizing drivers of land use and land cover change and on recognizing linkages between land use and land cover change and other ecosystem processes, such as hydrologic processes and habitat fragmentation. The course will also focus on methods for analyzing land use and land cover changes, landscape patterns, and will incorporate geographic information systems and modeling. Prerequisites: Introductory course in geographic information systems.
GEO536 Problems of the Atmospheric Environment (3 crs.)
Examines and analyzes various weather and climate topics, both natural and human-influenced. Topics include brief review of atmospheric basics, air pollution, ozone, ENSO, climate change, climate modeling, and greenhouse warming. Potential solutions to problems explored. Presented in seminar format and includes journal paper discussion and evaluation, writing opinion papers on controversial atmospheric issues, group projects, class presentations, and a term paper. Interrelationships among the various atmospheric problems are emphasized.